Rashkov in Turkish means “praiseworthy”.
Rashkov and nearby villages surrounded by forests: Bugarnya, coastal forests and Poiana Krajina, picturesque forest Kalagur. The forest is sparse, because rocks are the most common oaks, beeches and maples. Fragrant herbs, wild flowers, many shrubs. And right from the edge of the road into the forest depart more or less well-trodden paths.
Thanks to archaeological excavations, it became known that the people of the village Rashkovo lived around since ancient times – 40-10 thousand years BC.! The unique culture, people and the kind of an interesting story. This distinguishes one of the oldest settlements in Transnistria.
The village is located on the left bank of the Dniester River in the hilly terrain. Rashkov was founded in 1402. Once it was a city – the extreme boundary of the Commonwealth. Here lived Poles, Armenians, Ukrainians, Jews, Moldovans and Russian. Inquire Gypsy camps and Tartar banners.
The multi-ethnic population has remained to this day, although large, vibrant city once long ago turned into a quiet village. In which, incidentally, preserved since time immemorial and the Orthodox Church, and the church, and a synagogue.
By the middle of XVII century. Rashkov was a very significant settlement. “This is a very big city, built on the bank of the said river. In it was a fortress, and the wooden castle with a cannon. ” Since 1662 Rashkov, began to be attacked by the rival between a Ukrainian hetman. For 12 years at the time the city 3 times was taken by assault and devastated. The surroundings of the village are covered with ancient breathing and unsolved mysteries. No wonder the famous Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz devoted many pages to these places in his trilogy “Colonel Wolodyjowski”.
City events described Sienkiewicz, are 60-70. XVII., When the Rashkov was the most extreme Polish stronghold in the south, and it was placed a strong garrison. The city, according to Sienkiewicz, was “on the edge of the world. Around him in the rocky slopes of the bank of the Dniester blackened many caves. ”
According to Sienkiewicz, a famous witch lived Rashkovo Gorpyna. No one could come to her house in the tract of the enemy unnoticed: it was kept werewolves and ghosts …
Newly build up Rashkov became only the middle of the XVIII century.
Rashkov was a significant trade center, which is located on the main traffic artery of trade and edge – p. Dniester, which flows into the Black Sea. It regularly conducted fairs and market days were held. Rashkovchane actively traded forest, agricultural products (especially wine), handicrafts.Acted steam mills, tobacco factory, distillery, wine cellars, sawmill. This means a wide variety of crafts and craftsmanship. In public and home gardens rashkovchan fruit apple, pear, quince trees, plums, apricots, peaches, cherries.
There was even a mulberry garden where cultivated silkworm pupae, from which silk produced. It has been developed animal husbandry. The wine cellar, built by Count Piotr Y., still serves its intended purpose. The produced wine is exported even to France and from there delivered Marseilles tiles.
What today are interested in this wonderful region for tourists? There are no busy highways, do not be afraid of trucks and traffic hard, but, nevertheless, the track is in excellent condition! The air is clean as far as it can be in places rich Christmas tree plantations.
The village is divided into several parts of the historic Center, Pokrovka, Hem, Mlyn. Rashkov architectural values are a museum, Orthodox and Catholic churches. Magnificent monuments of nature are Valea Adîncă gorges and deep valleys, rock Kukumanya, Holovaty Rock, Devil’s Bridge, Cold Cave, stream Rashkovka, Gold and Buryakova river, many springs, the most famous of which – Panska Krynica.
In Rashkov found a number of archaeological sites: Paleolithic, ancient settlement on the mountain Kievka geth, a military fortification Severinova Tomb on Red Mountain, erected, according to local legend, Peter the Great during the Prut campaign, and near – medieval Kalaur. Not long ago, mammoth bones were found.
Moldova Old Catholic church was built in 1749. And now, here in the service under the sounds of the organ are going to dozens of parishioners.Body – it sounds recreate the forest noises, voices of birds, iridescent ringing melodies and magic, as the sound of the bell is a healing for the human body. This is very true – there are sounds are able to heal. Some of them reduce pain because it does not effect on any organ separately, and the whole body. The vibrations penetrate human bodies and have a frequency, which is understandable physics and has miraculous power. Even the name in common organs and body – becoming one with the temple and it sounds …
In the central part of the village are the ruins of a huge synagogue with a secret staircase in the wall and say, here laid underground tunnel to the other side of the Dniester – which is really no one has not yet been detected. During the war, supposedly, in a tunnel hiding from the Nazis. In the Soviet era, when mercilessly destroyed the church and shot the priests, he suffered a unique synagogue in Rashkov, built in the Rococo style and the Jewish cemetery of the 18th century.